How friendly are New York State Hospital employment applications to individuals with an incarceration history?

Jennifer Sanchez, MPH, Aaron Fox, MD, MS

Abstract


Although discrimination on the basis of previous incarceration is illegal in New York, many employers still screen job applicants based on prior convictions. We conducted a study of New York State hospitals to examine the use of incarceration histories in online applications. Two-thirds of NYS hospitals asked questions about convictions. This was most common in hospitals located in suburban and rural areas. This practice may deny returning prisoners and their communities the numerous benefits of employment. Keywords: Formerly incarcerated, Employment, Community Health, Policies

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Hospital Association. (2011) Hospitals as Employers. Retrieved August 9, 2014 from file:///C:/Users/CHMGPBQ/Downloads/110909-employer.pdf

American Hospital Association. (2014) Hospital Lookup. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://www.ahadataviewer.com/quickreport/

Binswanger, I.A., Redmond, N., Steiner, J.F., & Hicks, L.S. (2012) Health disparities and the criminal justice system: an agenda for further research and action. Journal of Urban Health, 89(1), 98-107. doi: 10.1007/s11524-011-9614-1

Career One Stop: Pathways to Career Success. (2012) Industries with the Largest Employment in 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2014 from http://www.careerinfonet.org/indview3.asp?nodeid=47

Harris, P., & Keller, K. (2005) Ex-offenders need not apply: The criminal background check in hiring decisions. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 21(6), 2-25. doi: 10.1177/1043986204271678

Holzer, H.J., Raphael, S., & Stoll, M.A. (2003) Employment barriers facing ex- offenders. The Urban Institute Reentry Roundtable Discussion Paper. Retrieved August, 21 2014, from http://urban.org/UploadedPDF/410855_holzer.pdf

Kuhna, A., Lalive, R., & Zweimüller, J. (2009) The public health costs of job loss. Journal of Health Economics, 28, 1099–1115. doi: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2009.09.004

National Employment Law Project (2014) Ban the Box: Major U.S. cities and counties adopt fair hiring policies to remove unfair barriers to employment of people with criminal backgrounds. Retrieved August, 21 2014, from http://www.nelp.org/page/-/SCLP/Ban-the-Box.Current.pdf?nocdn=1

National Institute of Corrections (2010) 2010 Statistics for the State of New York. Retrieved August 9, 2014 from http://nicic.gov/statestats/default.aspx

Natividad Rodriguez, M., & Emsellem, M. (2011) 65 million "need not apply": The case for reforming criminal background check for employment. The National Employment Law Project. Retrieved August, 21 2014, from http://www.nelp.org/page/-/65_million_need_not_apply.pdf?nocdn=1

New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision (2011) Parolee Facts: Community Supervision Offender Characteristics. Retrieved August 9, 2014 from https://www.parole.ny.gov/program_stats.html

New York State Department of Health website. New York State Hospital Profile. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://hospitals.nyhealth.gov/

New York State Department of Health. (2008) Population, Land Area, and Population Density by County, New York State – 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://www.health.ny.gov/statistics/vital_statistics/2006/table02.htm#1

US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2009) Survey of State Criminal History Information Systems, 2008. Retrieved August 9, 2014 from

file:///C:/Users/chmgp92/Downloads/bjs_2008_stats.pdf

Western, B., & Pettit, B. (2010). Incarceration & Social Inequality. Daedalus, 139(3), 8-19


 

Please feel free to comment on this article:

blog comments powered by Disqus


Editorial Offices:

Department of Family and Social Medicine
Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York, 10461

Asociación Latinoamericana de Medicina Social (ALAMES)/Latin American Social Medicine Association:
ALAMES, Southern Cone Region, Cassinoni 1440 – 802, CP 11200 Montevideo, Uruguay.
ALAMES, Mexico Region, San Jerónimo 70 – 1, Col. La Otra Banda, CP 01090, México, D.F.