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The Contemporary Styles of Batik Prints

by Harriet Armijo (2020-03-14)


Introduction

https%3A%2F%2Fi.ytimg.com%2Fvi%2FccGJ74tAn art of decorating sarees using wax and dye, Batik printing is a wonderful creative medium that is appreciated and practiced all over the world. A craft that is being practiced for centuries, derives its name from Javanese word tik which means 'to dot' or Ambatik that stands for a piece of cloth with small dots or writing with wax or drawing in broken lines. In India, the origin of Batik can be traced back to the 1st century AD and the artisans were the Khatri community of Gujarat. Historically the most expressive and subtle of the resist methods, the process of making Batik involves selecting areas of the cloth that are blocked out by brushing or drawing hot wax over them, and then dyeing the cloth. This way the parts covered in wax resist the dye and remain the original colour. This process of waxing and dyeing can be repeated to create more elaborate and colourful designs. After the final dyeing, the wax is removed and the Batik print saree is ready for wearing. Contemporary batik prints while owing much to the past are markedly different from the more traditional and formal styles with use of etching, discharge dyeing, stencils, different tools for waxing and dyeing and wax recipes with different resist values and is done on a variety of fabric like cottons, silks and georgette.

History

The history of Indian batik print can be traced as far back as 2000 years. Indians knew resist method of printing designs on cotton fabrics long before any other country had even tried it. Indian cotton and dyes were very popular. Batik tapestries were elaborate illustrations of the art, culture and traditions of the days of the yore. Historically the most expressive and subtle of the resist methods, the ever widening range of techniques available in Batik Printing offers the artist the opportunity to explore a unique process in a flexible and exciting way.

Cara Membuat Batik Tulis Technique

The art of batik print is a three-stage process of waxing, dyeing and dewaxing (removing the wax). There are also several sub-processes like preparing the cloth, tracing the designs, stretching the cloth on the frame, waxing the area of the cloth that does not need dyeing, preparing the dye, dipping the cloth in dye, boiling the cloth to remove wax and washing the cloth in soap. The characteristic effects of the batik are the fine cracks that appear in the wax, which allow small amounts of the dye to seep in. Batik wax exercises an important function in the process of batik printing. Proper usage of wax results into an impeccable batik work. 30 per cent beeswax and 70 per cent paraffin wax are generally applied. During application wax should not be overheated or it will catch fire. The common batik fabrics that make for excellent batik prints are cambric, poplin, voiles, and pure silk. Natural colors derived from barks of trees, leaves, flowers and minerals were used.

Batik Print Sarees

While Batik print today is enjoying great demand in domestic and international markets in the form of murals, wall hangings, home linen and beautiful bags because of their striking colors and motifs, it has made a mark as an impressive textile product in the form of Batik print kurtas and Batik print sarees.The variedcollection in Batik sarees attribute to the fact that batik technique offers immense possibilities for artistic freedom as patterns are applied by actual drawing rather than by weaving with thread. Another factor in its popularity is the fact that it is durable. The colors in Batik print are much more resistant to wear than those of painted or printed sarees because the cloth is completely immersed in dye and the areas not protected by resist are allowed to absorb hues to the extent that the colors will not fade easily. In short,beautiful patterns and alluring colorsof Batik sarees online is what draws most people to the fabric that blends indigenous art, boasts of a rich history yet offers designers and couturiers a chance to use the same in a modern, contemporary context.

This article has been written by a handloom sarees expert who is working with shatika.co.in . He provides the information about batik printing or Batik Prints Sarees